Viborg Bypost 1886-1891

Situated in central Jutland in a lovely setting by the Viborg Lakes; one of the oldest towns in Denmark, built up around the meeting place of the ancient roads crossing Jutland from north to south and east to west; fortified 1150; up to 1650, the largest town in Jutland; today the seat of the High Court of Justice and the Record Office for Jutland, distances: Copenhagen 302km (188 miles), Aalborg 80km (50 miles), Aarhus 65km (40 miles). Population in 1880 was 7,653.

History

The Post was opened by Kresten Mathiasen on 3 August 1886. At the beginning it had 12 blue letter boxes which were cleared 5 times daily. Mathiasen transferred the business to Jens Jversen in July 1890. The post continued until it was closed on 6 June 1891. Jversen received 1100 Crowns from the State as compensation on removal of 11 letter boxes. The first two stamps issued in 1886 show simply “Viborg Bypost” and the value 3 or 5. All later issues give “Viborg Bypost og Pakke Expedition”. Besides dealing with mail delivery, the Bypost acted as collecting agent for firms in C.O.D. transactions.

Charges

Unaddressed circulars – 1 ore
Addressed circulars – 2 ore
Ordinary letters – 3 ore
Express letters – 5 ore
Express letters Reply Paid – 10 ore
Parcels each – 10 ore.

Designs

Regional motifs were used. In 1887 the stamps have reproductions of the town Arms; one features two Aldemen; another, uniquely, shows Adam and Eve (and serpent) under the Tree of Knowledge. In 1887-90, the subject, a twin-towered edifice, is the Viborg Cathedral founded 1130, the largest granite church in Europe.

Postal and Stationery

This run to 13 pieces comprising postcards, envelopes and C.O.D. card.

Printing and Paper

All stamps were lithographed on unwatermarked paper. Sheets of 72 (6×12) for Nos.13 and 13A. All other stamps sheets of 100.

Postmark

(1). Two circles close together – diameter 23mm – inside inscription following the circumference “Viborg Bypost” at the top with “K. Mathiasen” straight across the centre between fancy ornaments.
(2). Same frame and diameter as (1). All around inside the circle “Viborg Bypost Pakke og Rejsegods” ending with a star; straight across the centre “Expedition” with a fancy ornament beneath.
(3). A single line circle – diameter 28mm – with running inscription inside “Viborg Bypost og Pakke Expedition” and a star; centre blank.
(4). Occasionally met with a mute cancellation with a thin outer ring and two thick concentric rings round a solid central point; greatest diameter 24mm.
The colour of the above cancellations was invariably violet, seldom blue or black.

6 September 1886.

Nos.1 and 2 Imperf.

29 September 1886.

Nos.3 and 4 Rouletted.

20 February 1887.

Rouletted. “Rejsegods besørges”.
Nos.5 (also without roulette horizontal) and 6.

24 February 1887.

Perf.11½. “Rejsegods besørges” (Luggage forwarded).
Nos.7 (Letter stamp) and 8 (Special delivery stamp). Also example of perforated across.

6 July 1887.

The unique motif of Adam and Eve under the Tree of Knowledge is borrowed from the Arms of the town.

No.9. For circulars without address. Perf.11½ and imperf.
No.10. For addressed circulars. Perf.11½ and imperf.

6 July 1887.

As stamp No.7 but with lower text changed.
“Bude Udlejes” (Messengers for hire).
No.11. I. Green and II. Yellow-green.

Source: danishlocalposts.com